Author Guidlines

Preparing Your Paper

All manuscripts should be written in good English (British). This is the responsibility of the authors, not the editors. Contributors for whom English is not a native language are recommended to get professional helps for English prior to submission. To assist you in preparing your paper, we provide formatting template.


Authors are required:
      1. to follow the instruction for writing and formatting the article .

      2. to use strictly the Microsoft Word template 

     3.  to provide us with a list of 3 potential reviewers (Click here>>>).

     4.  Copyright license form should be downloaded (Click here >>>), filled up and signed by corresponding author and send to:


Your paper should be compiled in the following order: title; abstract; keywords; main text introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion; acknowledgments; declaration of interest statement; references; appendices (as appropriate); table(s) with caption(s) (on individual pages); figures; figure captions (as a list).


Article files should be provided in Microsoft Word format. 

Word Limits

The Journal of CIEES published research papers: 4-10 pages (3000 words and above)

Please include a word count for your paper.
This includes all text, for example, the structured abstract, references, all text in tables, and figures and appendices.

Style Guidelines

Please refer to these quick style guidelines when preparing your paper, rather than any published articles or a sample copy.
Follow British spelling. Consult The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) where possible or check the free Oxford University Press guidance online:

Title Length:

The manuscript title must not exceed ten (10) words.

Author details:

Please list the names of all contributing authors in the order in which you’d like them to be published. In multi-authored papers, it’s important that ALL authors that have made a significant contribution to the paper are listed. Those who have provided support but have not contributed to the research should be featured in an acknowledgements section. You should never include people who have not contributed to the paper or who don’t want to be associated with the research.


All submissions must include a structured abstract, following the format outlined below.
These four sub-headings and their accompanying explanations must always be included:
• Purpose
• Design/methodology/approach
• Findings
• Originality
The maximum length of your abstract should be 250 words in total, including keywords.


Your submission should include up to 6 appropriate and short keywords that capture the principal topics of the paper. Please note, while we will always try to use the keywords you’ve suggested, the in-house editorial team may replace some of them with matching terms to ensure consistency across publications and improve your article’s visibility.


Headings must be concise, with a clear indication of the required hierarchy. The preferred format is for first level headings to be in bold, and subsequent sub-headings to be in medium italics.


Acronyms and abbreviations should be clearly defined on their first occurrence in the text by writing the term out in full and following it with the abbreviation in round brackets.


All figures (charts, diagrams, line drawings, webpages/screenshots, and photographic images) should be submitted electronically. Both colour and black and white files are accepted. There are a few other important points to note:
• All figures should be supplied at the highest resolution/quality possible (300 dpi) with numbers and text clearly legible.
• Acceptable formats are *.jpg, *.bmp, *.png or *.tif.
• All figures should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals and have clear captions.
• Figures should have relevant legends and should not contain the same information already covered in the main text.


Tables should be typed and submitted in a separate file to the main body of the article. The position of each table should be clearly labelled in the main body of the article with corresponding labels clearly shown in the table file. Tables should be numbered consecutively in Roman numerals (e.g. I, II, etc.).
Give each table a brief title. Ensure that any superscripts or asterisks are shown next to the relevant items and have explanations displayed as footnotes to the table, figure or plate.


If you are submitting your manuscript as a Word document, please ensure that equations are editable.

Units and Symbols

Please use SI units.
There should be a space between the unit and Arabic number: 5 mm NOT 5mm.
Please use Arabic number and relevant unit in the manuscript: 5 kg NOT five kilograms or 5 kilograms or five kg.
Please clarify all units during a calculation or a mathematical relationship: 3 cm × 5 cm NOT 3 × 5 cm,
123 g ± 2 g or (123 ± 2) g NOT 123 ± 2 g, 70%–85% NOT 70–85%.
Greek letters must be inserted using the correct Greek symbol (using Times, Helvetica or Symbol font), NOT written in full.


References and notes should be listed at the end of the manuscript in a separate page. Notes should be treated as the references. In the text references and notes should be numbered consecutively at the time they first appear and should be given in square brackets before punctuation marks. The reference numbers are enclosed in square brackets. Do not use “Ref.” or “reference” except at the beginning of a sentence: “Reference [3] shows …”. All references should be cited within the text correctly; do not add only list of references without citation within the text. Please ensure you check all your citations for completeness, accuracy and consistency.
If you are using any reference manager (e.g. Mendeley, Endnote etc), you may select standard style IEEE with URL.
Main features of citation style are given as:
• The author name format is, „first name (Initial), middle name (Initial) and last name“. This differs from other styles where author’s last name is first.
• The title of an article (or chapter, conference paper, patent, etc.) is in quotation marks.
• The title of the book or journal is in italics.
• Online link of the original paper. If any reference is not available online, it should be modified with available online reference


Acknowledgments should appear between the Conclusions and References sections. All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in this section. Authors should thank those who contributed to the article but cannot list themselves.


Authors that need to include an appendix section should place it after the References section. Multiple appendices should all have headings in the style used above. They will be ordered A, B, and, C, etc.